Bringing relief to poor people & families in
JANUARY 2015 IN MOLDOVA
Official name Republica Moldova/Republic of Moldova
Area 33,700 sq km or 13,000 sq miles
Capital Chişinău (Russian Kishinev)
Major towns/cities Bălţi, Tiraspol, Tighina
Physical features Undulating land largely bordered by the rivers Prut and Dniester; northern Moldova comprises the level plain of the Bălţi Steppe and uplands.
Currency leu (single) 1 Leu = 100 Bani or Lei. About 21 or 22 lei to the pound Sterling.
Moldova is a land of undulating countryside and relies to a large extent on agriculture. The fields are worked largely by hand and during the season hundreds of workers can be seen with hand tools tending the soil and the crops. School holidays are long, which enables the children to help in the fields.
Extreme poverty can be seen almost everywhere, not only in the villages but also in the towns. The centre of Chişinău is on the face of it quite prosperous but just away from the centre extreme poverty again can be found.
Generally speaking, the people are extremely hard working and generous with the very little that they have.
Schools have little equipment, sometimes even the basics, pens and papers are in very short supply. Very few of the schools in rural areas have any computers at all and the schools in the cities which may have a computer, it could be extremely old. See cr2ee introduction
A brief history.
Formerly part of Romania, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. The poorest nation in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.
Sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova emerged as an independent republic following the collapse of the USSR in 1991.
The bulk of it, between the rivers Dniester and Prut, is made up of an area formerly known as Bessarabia. This territory was annexed by the USSR in 1940 following the carve-
Moldova is the very poorest country in Europe and has a large foreign debt and high unemployment. Its once-
(over a long time)
AD 106 The current area covered by Moldova, which as mentioned lies chiefly between the Prut River, bordering Romania in the west, and the Dniestr River, with Ukraine in the east, was conquered by the Roman Emperor Trajan and became part of the Roman province of Dacia.
It was known in earlier times as Bessarabia. mid-
A chronology of key events:
Late 1980s -
1995 Death penalty abolished.
2001 February -
2001 April -
2001 December -
2002 January -
2002 September -
2002 December -
2003 January -
2003 November -
2004 February -
2004 July -
2004 October -
2005 March -
2005 April -
2005 June -
2006 January -
Former Defence Minister Valery Pasat jailed for 10 years after being convicted of abuse of office on charges related to arms sales. He says the affair is political. Some charges are later dropped and his sentence is cut to five years.
2006 March -
Chisinau protests against a Russian decision to suspend imports of Moldovan wine on health grounds, saying the move is politically motivated.
2006 July -
2006 September -
Tensions with Romania
2007 March -
2008 March -
2008 April -
2009 January -
2009 April -
2009 May -